Two meanings of the term ” hole “
The first meaning of a hole
is a well/cup/hole on a putting green, where the flagstick stands. It is 4¼ inches (108 mm) in diameter and at least 4 inches (101,6 mm) deep.
The second meaning of a hole
is an unit of a golf course. According to the Rules of Golf, a hole consists of the following parts:
– teeing areas,
– penalty areas,
– putting green and
– general area
Par and length
The par for each hole is the number of strokes it is expected scratch golfer needs to complete play of that hole, which always includes two putts. For example, on a par-4 hole, a scratch player is expected to hit the green with his (her) second shot and hole out in two putts. Rules of Handicapping recommend ranges of the hole length appropriate to the par.
When playing a hole, the player starts the game from the teeing area and ends by placing the ball inside the hole on the putting green. There are usually multiple teeing areas at each hole. They are designed for players of various abilities.
more about a teeing area …
Usually there is a fairway between a teeing area and a green, and some elements created to make it difficult to play: penalty areas and bunkers. Cross-play penalty areas are indicated as yellow penalty areas, and areas parallel to the line of play are indicated as red areas.
more about penalty areas …
more about bunkers …
A fairway and other areas with grass or other vegetation constitute the general area. Fairways are the routes between teeing areas and putting greens. Short mowed grass facilitates second and subsequent shots. Outside the fairway (rough) the grass is moved taller. Some areas are covered with unmaintained grass (extreme rough) or brushwood.
Average heights of cut:
– fairway: 3/8″ – 1/2″ (10 – 12 mm)
– rough: 1,5″ – 5″ (35 – 125 mm)
Hole in birdie book
Courses often publish birdie books where all holes are shown and accurately described. Golfers can find there all the distances to key points, hazards, ambushes as well as local Pro recomendations. An example of a hole described in a birdie book is shown below.
update: March 2021