Glossary of golf names and terms relating to a golf course. Items are listed alphabetically.
To find a sought word:
– use any search function (e.g. Ctrl+F in Windows, Find in Page in Androd, Find on Page in iOS etc.),
– select desired letter range in the Index (below)
– or just scroll down.
Abnormal Course Condition
Poor physical conditions on a golf course: casual water, ground under repair or a hole or the cast from a hole made by a burrowing animal, a reptile or a bird.
more about abnormal course condition …
Ballmark Repair Tool see Pitchfork
An hole-by-hole accurate map for a golf course. It contains all the necessary background information on all the holes, including locations and distances to key points (landing zones, penalty areas, greens etc).
more about birdie book …
Depression in the ground filled in with sand or a similar material.
more about bunkers …
Casual Water see Temporary Water
Cup see Hole¹
A hole² in which the fairway bends to the left or to the right at some turning point along its length. Dogleg can be par-4 or par-5 hole. The bend can be in the range between 20 and 90 degrees. If a fairway bends twice the hole is called a double dogleg.
Areas on the golf course covered with high grass (unmowed or cut to the length longer than 5 – 6 inches), weeds, underbrush or/and other foliage, which make it likely the ball will be lost.
more about rough …
Poles that indicate the center of the fairway and assist in selecting the line of play, especially when visibility of the landing zone or green is limited.
more about distance markers …
see the picture …
The direction in which the individual blades of grass is growing / laying on a green.
An artificial object on the course that cannot readily be moved.
Intermediate Rough see First Cut
No Play Zone
An area protected for environmental, historical or players’ safety reasons, entry into and/or play from which is prohibited.
more about no play zone …
OB see Out of Bounds
Penalty Area (PA)
(since 1st January 2019) Any body of water on the course, marked or not, (e.g. sea, lake, pond, river, ditch, surface drainage ditch, open watercourse) and any other part of the course defined by the Committee.
more about penalty areas …
Permanent Markers, Permanent Tee Markers
Indicating elements, permanently attached to the ground, reflecting an average placement of the movable tee markers. They indicate the start point of each hole² used during course rating procedure.
more about area markers …
Pin see Flagstick
A small fork-like tool used for repairing the putting green surface. Other name: Ballmark Repair Tool.
Pitch Mark see Ball Mark
Putting Green see Green
The casual name of a bunker.
An inclined surface of the ground, especially on a green.
The particular time at which a group of golfers are scheduled to start their round of golf.
Teeing Area, Teeing Ground
The place from which golfer plays the first stroke on each hole². It is a rectangular area two club-lengths in depth, the front and the sides of which are defined by the outside limits of two tee markers.
more about teeing area …
Any temporary, visible on the surface accumulation of water on the course, that is not designated as a penalty area.
(before 1st January 2019) Any sea, lake, pond, river, ditch, surface drainage ditch or other open water course (whether or not containing water) and anything of a similar nature on the course. See also Penalty Area.
more about penalty areas …
update: January 2021